Tirohanga Ohanga mō Te Moana a Toi: Māori Entrepreneurs in Te Moana ā Toi and New Zealand for 2001 and 2006
Table of contents
- Key Facts
- Defining and Measuring Entrepreneurship
- Māori Entrepreneurship in New Zealand and the Bay of Plenty Region, for 2001 and 2006
- Purpose of the Report
- New Zealand's Growth of the Māori Workforce and Entrepreneurs
- Increase in the Proportion of Māori Female Entrepreneurs
- Entrepreneurs Per Region
- Focus on Industries
- Māori Entrepreneurs in the Bay of Plenty Region by Industry (Full-time)
- Māori Entrepreneurs (Full-time) Median Total Personal Income in the Bay of Plenty Region
- Highest Qualification
- Technical Notes
- Disclaimer and Copyright
In New Zealand
- In 2006, there were 21,069 Māori entrepreneurs. This was made-up of 7,062 Māori employers (or 33.5% of Māori entrepreneurs) and 14,007 Māori self-employed and without employees (or 66.5% of Māori entrepreneurs).
- The change from 2001 and 2006, in the number of Māori entrepreneurs increased by 3,978, or 23.3%.
- Māori entrepreneurs made up nearly 10% of employed Māori in 2001 and 2006.
- There are more Māori male entrepreneurs than Māori female entrepreneurs at a ratio near 2:1.
- In 2001 and 2006, more Māori entrepreneurs worked in the construction industry than any other industry.
- In 2006, the median total personal income of Māori entrepreneurs was $36,300, an increase of 27.0% ($7,800) from 2001.
- In 2006, Māori entrepreneurs were more likely to have a post-school qualification than in 2001.
In the Bay of Plenty Region
- In 2006, there were 2,274 Māori entrepreneurs. This was made-up of 807 Māori employers (or 35.5% of Māori entrepreneurs) and 1,467 Māori self-employed and without employees (64.5% of Māori entrepreneurs).
- The change from 2001 and 2006, in the number of Māori entrepreneurs increased by 435, or 23.7%.
- In 2001 and 2006, Māori entrepreneurs (full-time1) were most likely to be in the construction2 and property and business services3 industries.
- In 2006, Māori entrepreneurs in the following three industries received median total personal incomes of4:
- $60,000 in finance and insurance;
- $54,000 in communication services; and
- $47,800 in property and business services.
- In comparison with 2001, Māori entrepreneurs in the following three industries received median total personal income of5:
- $44,300 in health and community services;
- $42,000 in wholesale trade; and
- $38,000 in property and business services.
- There was a10.3 percentage point increase in Māori entrepreneurs with post-school qualifications or higher from 2001 and 2006. Similarly for the same period, there was a 7.6 percentage point decline in Māori entrepreneurs without a qualification.
1 Defined as working 30 hours or more per week.
2 2006: 20.1% (333); 2001: 16.6% (225).
3 2006: 15.6% (258); 2001: 13.2% (180).
4 Income data is collected for all sources, not just the main job of the individual and therefore cannot necessarily be attributed to the industry they work in. For example, some entrepreneurs may get some of their income from investments rather than the industry in which they are working.