Māori with higher levels of qualiﬁcations are more likely to earn higher incomes. Median personal income5 for working age Māori in employment was signiﬁcantly higher for individuals with tertiary qualiﬁcations than for those with fewer or no qualiﬁcations in 2006: Māori with tertiary qualiﬁcations earned $36,417 per annum, compared with $27,800 for those with school qualiﬁcations, and $26,000 for those with no qualiﬁcation.
Among Māori with tertiary qualiﬁcations, individuals with a higher level of tertiary qualiﬁcation are likely to earn more. In 2006, personal income for Māori with tertiary qualiﬁcations at level 7 or above ($44,700 per annum) was $9,000 higher than that for levels 4 to 6 ($35,700) and $18,300 higher than that for levels 1 to 3 ($26,400). While there is a signiﬁcant ﬁnancial gain from achieving tertiary qualiﬁcations level 4 or above, there appears to be very little ﬁnancial gain from achieving qualiﬁcations at levels 1 to 3 ($26,400 versus $26,000 for those with no qualiﬁcation). However achieving level 1 to 3 qualiﬁcations can be an important pathway towards achieving higher level qualiﬁcations.
Graph 2: Māori Personal Income by the Highest Qualification Attained in 2006
Source: Statistics New Zealand, 2006 Census of Population and Dwellings
5 Median personal income is the midpoint of the income distribution, meaning half of the population earn more, and half earn less, than this amount. Dollar amounts are gross and have not been inﬂation-adjusted.