Many iwi choose to operate as a Māori trust board under the Māori Trust Board Act 1955. Examples include the Aorangi Māori Trust Board, Arawa Māori Trust Board, Aupouri Māori Trust Board, Ngati Whatua o Orakei Māori Trust Board, Taitokerau Māori Trust Board, Taranaki Māori Trust Board, Tuhoe-Waikaremoana Māori Trust Board, Tuwharetoa Māori Trust Board, Wairoa-Waikaremoana Māori Trust Board and Whakatohea Māori Trust Board.
Runanga established as trust boards pursuant to their own legislation are Te Runanga o Ngati Porou, Te Runanga o Ngati Awa and Te Runanga o Ngati Whatua.
The main advantages of a Māori Trust Board are:
The main disadvantages of a Māori Trust Board are:
Māori trust boards are not ideally suited to commercial operations. They may be more suited to hapu and iwi whose main objectives are political, social and cultural or for holding assets that are unlikely to be sold.
The main function of each board is to administer the board's assets for the general benefit of the beneficiaries.
Māori trust boards also have discretion to apply money for the benefit or advancement of the beneficiaries.
Māori trust boards are permitted to spend money on the promotion of health, education, vocational training, and the social and economic welfare of the beneficiaries.
Some Māori Trust Boards are large, administer significant assets and employ a number of staff.
An effective board will contain a balance of experience and skills, follow the philosophy of collective responsibility and communicate appropriately with stakeholders.
A board should:
The board must give clear direction to management and help create and support a climate where people within the organisation and outside can see and support the direction.
It is important to note that any beneficiary may at all reasonable times inspect the books of the board and take copies of or extracts from them free of charge.
Last modified: 31/05/2011
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